The lecture is based around the philosophic interpretations of scientific theories that can be found in the Genius TV series.
Is there a criterion that distinguishes scientific theories from unscientific? Karl Popper forever changed the idea of the demarcation problem having suggested consistently falsifying scientific theories instead of trying to prove them with as many existent arguments as possible, i.e. to find ways of overturning a theory by putting it to question continuously through experimentation. If a theory is fundamentally incontestable regardless of the circumstances, it means it’s a myth or an ideology. The first scientific theory that satisfied Popper’s criterion became Albert Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity.
“Theoretical physics turned into circus. Just as the cubists had an inability to paint decently, so, here lies together the audacity and the inability [the theoretical physicists] want to impose on others. Everything that cannot be investigated experimentally is not a science”.
(Genius TV series, quote from Philipp Lenard’s part, the critic of the Relativity Theory)